CQOM Seminar - Thomas Stolz, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Garching: A Photon-Photon Quantum Gate Based on Rydberg Polaritons
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Rydberg polaritons offer a unique way to create strong interactions for photons. We utilize these interactions to demonstrate a photon-photon quantum gate. To achieve this, a photonic control qubit is stored in a quantum memory consisting of a superposition of a ground state and a Rydberg state in an ultracold atomic gas. This qubit interacts with a photonic target qubit in the form of a propagating Rydberg polariton to generate a conditional pi phase shift, as in Ref. . Finally, the control photon is retrieved. We measure two controlled-NOT truth tables and the two-photon state after an entanglinggate operation. This work is an important step toward applications in optical quantum information processing, such as deterministic photonic Bell-state detection which is crucial for quantum repeaters.
 D. Tiarks et al. Sci. Adv. 2, e1600036 (2016).