Ultracold Quantum Gases Group

Welcome to the ultracold quantum gas research group at Aarhus University!

In our research we investigate the properties of atomic gases at extremely low temperatures. This allows us to understand the fundamental quantum mechanical behaviour of few- and many-particle systems.

News


Loss spectroscopy reveals the temperature dependence of an Efimov resonance.

Temperature dependence of an Efimov resonance in 39K

Ultracold atomic gases are an important testing ground for understanding few-body physics. In particular, these systems enable a detailed study of the Efimov effect. We use ultracold 39K to investigate the temperature dependence of an Efimov resonance. The shape and position of the observed resonance are analyzed by employing an empirical fit, and universal finite-temperature zero-range theory. Both procedures show that the resonance position shifts towards lower absolute scattering length when approaching the zero-temperature limit. We extrapolate this shift to obtain an estimate of the three-body parameter at zero temperature. A surprising (and currently outstanding) finding of our study is that the resonance becomes less prominent at lower temperatures. Finally, we present measurements performed near the Feshbach resonance center and discuss the prospects for observing the second Efimov resonance in 39K.

Read our paper on arXiv.

(07/2018)


Jan Arlt

New grant: Quantum simulation of quasiparticles

Georg Bruun and Jan Arlt have received a new grant from the Danish Council for Independent Research: Quantum simulation of quasiparticles.

An announcement is available in danish here.

(05/2018)


Scattering properties of K and Rb.

Time-of-flight expansion of binary Bose-Einstein condensates at finite temperature - published in New Journal of Physics

Ultracold quantum gases provide a unique setting for studying and understanding the properties of interacting quantum systems. Here, we investigate a multi-component system of 87Rb–39K Bose–Einstein condensates (BECs) with tunable interactions both theoretically and experimentally. Such multi-component systems can be characterized by their miscibility, where miscible components lead to a mixed ground state and immiscible components form a phase-separated state. Here we perform the first full simulation of the dynamical expansion of this system including both BECs and thermal clouds, which allows for a detailed comparison with experimental results. In particular we show that striking features emerge in time-of-flight (TOF) for BECs with strong interspecies repulsion, even for systems which were separated in situ by a large gravitational sag. An analysis of the centre of mass positions of the BECs after expansion yields qualitative agreement with the homogeneous criterion for phase-separation, but reveals no clear transition point between the mixed and the separated phases. Instead one can identify a transition region, for which the presence of a gravitational sag is found to be advantageous. Moreover, we analyse the situation where only one component is condensed and show that the density distribution of the thermal component also shows some distinct features. Our work sheds new light on the analysis of multi-component systems after TOF and will guide future experiments on the detection of miscibility in these systems.

Read our manuscript in New Journal of Physics or on the arXiv.

(05/2018)


Zoran Hadzibabic

Zoran Hadzibabic visits

Professor Zoran Hadzibabic from Cambridge University is visiting the department. By constructing a box potential for ultracold atoms, he has recently made major contributions to the field. More specifically, the box potential has opened up for new studies both weakly an strongly interacting Bose gases, in and out of equilibrium.

Link to official lecture event.

(03/2018)


Nils in the lab

Congratulations to Nils!

On the 23rd of February, Nils Byg Jørgensen successfully defended his PhD thesis "Observation of Bose Polarons in a Quantum Gas Mixture". The assessment committee consisted of Prof. Matthias Weidemüller from Heidelberg University in Germany and Researcher Matteo Zaccanti from the University of Florence. The thesis is currently available here. He will carry on his scientific work by continuing in the group as a postdoctoral researcher. (02/2018)


Matthias Weidemüller

Matthias Weidemüller visits

Professor Matthias Weidemüller from Heidelberg University is visiting the department. In his recent research, he has explored mass-imbalanced Li-Cs mixtures. These are especially well-suited for studies of heteronuclear Efimov physics, since the mass imbalance yields a scaling factor which allows observation of multiple consecutive Efimov resonances.

Link to official lecture event.

(02/2018)


Matteo Zaccanti

Matteo Zaccanti visits

Researcher Matteo Zaccanti from LENS in Florence is visiting the department. In his research career, he has conducted important studies on KRb mixtures, Efimov states, Fermi polaron physics, and ferromagnetic Fermi gases and has thus made many important contributions to the field of ultracold gases.

Link to official lecture event.

(02/2018)


Energy shift and decay rate of the polaron.

Finite-temperature behavior of the Bose polaron

After our recent observation of the Bose polaron, we are aiming to understand the quasiparticle in more depth.

Here we consider a mobile impurity immersed in a Bose gas at finite temperature. Using perturbation theory valid for weak coupling between the impurity and the bosons, we derive analytical results for the energy and damping of the impurity for low and high temperatures, as well as for temperatures close to the critical temperature Tc for Bose-Einstein condensation. These results show that the properties of the impurity vary strongly with temperature. The energy exhibits an intriguing non-monotonic behavior close to Tc, and the damping rises sharply close to Tc. We finally discuss how these effects can be detected experimentally.

Read our manuscript in Physical Review A or on the arXiv.

(01/2018)


Jan Arlt

New grant: Optical traps for quasiparticle quantum simulation

Jan Arlt has received a new grant from The Carlsberg Foundation: Optical traps for quasiparticle quantum simulation.

(11/2017)


CQOM announcement picture

Center for Quantum Optics and Quantum Matter opens

The new Center for Quantum Optics and Quantum Matter (CQOM) was established and opened on November 8. The center brings together research from local experimental and theoretical groups who study diverse quantum phenomena, including the Ultracold Quantum Gases Group.

On the opening day, the different research directions were presented and discussed. Additionally, a CQOM talk was given by Nils Byg Jørgensen, and an invited talk was given by Richard Smith (ITAMP, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and Harvard University).

Read more about the center at its home page.

(11/2017)


Magnus with his price and the dean of Science and Technology at Aarhus University

Magnus wins the Deans Challenge

Magnus from the ultracold quantum gases group participated in this years annual case competition, Dean's Challenge. He had developed a rollator with automatic breaking and alarm system, which awarded him the first price in the HEALTH catagory. Congratulations to Magnus!

A news article in danish is available here.

(10/2017)


The poster

Nils wins Poster Prize at CoQIPC 2017

The IST Austria recently hosted the Conference on Controllable Quantum Impurities in Physics and Chemistry (CoQIPC 2017). Nils went to the conference with his poster on the recent observation of bose polarons, and was awarded the Keysight Technologies Poster Prize of the poster competition. Congratulations!

(08/2017)


Welcome Thomas

In this month, we welcome Thomas Guldager Skov, who starts as a Ph.D. in the MIX lab. He previously did a bachelors project with the MIX team, and is now ready to do full time research. Best of luck to Thomas!

(08/2017)


Lars in his beloved lab

Goodbye Lars!

Lars Wacker found a job at Danish National Metrology Institute (DFM) in Copenhagen and will thus unfortunately leave our group. Lars did his PhD in the MIX lab and continued for a year and a half as a postdoctoral researcher. During his time here, he has been crucial in developing the MIX lab into its current great condition. Especially in the first production of KRb dual BECs, and in our few-body Efimov studies, he has made essential contributions. We wish him the best of luck in his future endeavours!

(04/2017)


The portable setup of the rotating waveplate polarimeter

A portable rotating waveplate polarimeter

We describe the construction and performance of a polarimeter based on a quarter-wave plate rotated by a model airplane motor. The motor rotates at a high angular frequency of ω∼2π×160, which enables the polarimeter to monitor the polarization state of an incident beam of light in real-time. We show that a simple analysis of the polarimeter signal using the fast Fourier transform on a standard digital oscilloscope provides an excellent measure of the polarization state for many laboratory applications. The polarimeter is straightforward to construct, portable, and features a high-dynamic range, facilitating a wide range of optics laboratory tasks that require free-space or fiber-based polarization analysis. 

Read our manuscript in Review of Scientific Instruments.

(04/2017)


Faraday image analysis

Sub-atom shot noise Faraday imaging of ultracold atom clouds

We have developed an imaging technique which can measure the atom number below the atom shot noise level. This work is closely related to our recent work on feedback stabilization of atom numbers. We use Faraday imaging which allows multiple images of the same cloud to be acquired. To describe the expected noise, we have developed a model based on photon shot noise and single atom loss. For clouds containing N~5×106 atoms, a precision more than a factor of two below the atom shot noise level is achieved.

Our manuscript on this work has been published in Journal of Physics B as part of a special issue on addressing quantum many-body problems with cold atoms and molecules.

Read the manuscript in Jour. Phys. B or on arXiv!

(01/2017)


Funding

The Villum Foundation